User Name: Visitor
My Account | Home
Home > Training > Parts of a Ship December 19, 2014
Login

Welcome
Who is the USNSCC
Goals of the USNSCC
Our Mission
Where are our Former Sea Cadets?
USNSCC FAQ
Chain of Command
Corp of Cadets
Addressing Officers
Drill Location and Time
Advancement
POD - Plan of the Day
POM - Plan of the Month
Standing Orders
Training
   PQS Sign-Off Sheets
   USNSCC - Phonetic Alphabet
   USNSCC Terminology
   Morse Code Training
   Power Point Presentations
   Grooming Standards Male
   Grooming Standards - Female
   How to Spit Shine
   How To Tie Your Neckerchief
   Practical Training Evolutions
   USN Ship Designations
   Parts of a Ship
   What is a Bilge?
   Determining Direction
   Night Navigation
   Land Navigation
   Measuring Distance
   Marlinspike Training
   Marlinspike Terminology
   Knots to Know
   What time is it?
   Building a Boat -- Really
   2009 Training Programs
Summer Training
Awards
History of our Name
   Harlan Rockey Dickson
   DD-708
Contact Us to Join
Resources
Photo Album
JPK Weekend

Major Parts of a Ship

The parts of a ship vary, depending on what kind of ship it is, but a few general parts are common to all ships. Knowing the parts of a ship will increase your understanding when reading about boating related topics, and will also help you orient yourself when on board a ship. Many of the terms used to describe parts of ships are very old, as humans have been building, sailing, and talking about ocean going vessels for thousands of years.

The core of a ship is the structural keel, a heavily reinforced spine which runs along the bottom of the ship, in the middle. The keel supports the structure of the ship, and is the first part of the ship to be built, since it serves as a foundation. Some ships also have a hydrodynamic keel designed to increase their performance efficiency, which takes the form of a streamlined projection from the bottom of the ship to help it move quickly and smoothly through the water. The framework for the hull or shell, the body of the ship, is attached to the keel.

The hull is the most visible part of a ship, because it is the body of the watercraft. The hull makes the ship buoyant while providing shelter to those on board, and is divided by bulkheads and decks, depending on the size of the ship. Bulkheads are compartments which run across the ship from side to side, creating isolated areas in the ship, while decks are analogous to the floors of a house. A small ship may only have one primary deck, while larger ones may have over 10 decks, stacked from top to bottom.

The very bottom of a ship is known as the bilge, and the top is usually called the top deck. The top deck is broken up by the bridge, a covered room which serves as the command center for the ship. On larger ships, the top deck may have several levels, designed to isolate various types of the ship. A larger ship may also have several deck areas topside, including the poop deck, the deck in the rear of the ship, and the afterdeck, located directly behind the bridge. The rig, including masts, rigging, and sails, rises up from the top deck.

The front region of a ship is called the bow, and the rear is the stern. When someone is fore, they are in the front of the boat, while a sailor located amidships would be in the middle of the ship, and a person to the rear of the ship is aft. The right hand side of a ship is starboard, and the left is port.

COPYRIGHT © Mainstream Electronic Information Services, Inc.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
P.O. Box 1120
Merrimack, NH 03054-1120
Make Page Printable